Fair and Just Solutions?

Alternatives to Litigation in Nazi-Looted Art Disputes: Status Quo and New Developments

Evelien Campfens en Annemarie Marck (ed.) 9789462364714 | 1 edition, 2014

Table of Contents

IStatus Quo
IIDiscussion Stakeholders on Fair and Just
IIIHow Can We Do Better?
About the Authors
1Inter-Allied Declaration against Acts of Dispossession committed in Territories under Enemy Occupation or Control
2Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-confiscated Art
3Resolution 1205 (1999) on Looted Jewish Cultural Property of the Council of Europe
4Vilnius Forum Declaration (2000)
5European Parliament Resolution (2003)
6Terezín Declaration (2009)
7Draft UNESCO Declaration of Principles Relating to Cultural Objects Displaced in Connection with the Second World War (2009)
8Bundesgesetz über die Rückgabe von Kunstgegenständen aus den Österreichischen Bundesmuseen und Sammlungen [Federal Act Regarding the Restitution of Artworks from Austrian Federal Museums and Collections]
9Décret n°99-778 du 10 septembre 1999 instituant la CIVS [Decree No. 99-778 of 10 September 1999 establishing a commission for the compensation of victims of spoliations resulting from the anti-Semitic legislation in force during the Occupation]
10Spoliation Advisory Panel, constitution and terms of reference
11Decree Advisory Committee on the Assessment of Restitution Applications for Items of Cultural Value and the Second World War
12Absprache zwischen Bund, Ländern und kommunalen Spitzenverbänden zur Einsetzung einer Beratenden Kommission im Zusammenhang mit der Rückgabe NS-verfolgungsbedingt entzogenen Kulturguts, insbesondere aus jüdischem Besitz
13The Holocaust (Return of Cultural Objects) Act 2009
14Parallel or Analogous Claims
15Credits for Photo Quires


The title of this book, Fair and Just Solutions?, refers to the norm for the assessment of ownership claims to Nazi-looted art as codified in the so-called Washington Principles in 1998:

If the pre-War owners of art that is found to have been confiscated by the Nazis and not subsequently restituted, or their heirs, can be identified, steps should be taken expeditiously to achieve a just and fair solution, recognizing this may vary according to the facts and circumstances surrounding a specific case.

The question mark in the title is a reference to the lack of clarity surrounding this norm. What is 'fair and just'?

This publication aims to evaluate the status quo in the field of non-governmental restitution claims to Nazi-looted art. In addition, through contributions by leading experts and a discussion amongst stakeholders, it explores a way to move forward.

A video review by Philip Taylor is available now here


Target group

Lawyers, advisory committees, scholars, experts, representatives of claimants, museums and the art trade.


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